Why do we use THIS and THESE?
We use this (singular) and these (plural) as pronouns:
- – to talk about people or things near us:
This is a nice cup of tea.
Whose shoes are these?
- – to introduce people:
This is Janet.
These are my friends, John and Michael.
We don’t say
These are John and Michael.
We say This is John and this is Michael.
- – to introduce ourselves to begin a conversation on the phone:
Hello, this is David, Can I speak to Sally?
Why do we use THAT and THOSE?
We use that (singular) and those (plural):
- – to talk about things that are not near us:
This is our house, and that’s Rebecca’s house over there.
Those are very expensive shoes.
- – we also use that to refer back to something someone said or did:
– Shall we go to the cinema?
– Yes, that’s a good idea.
– I’ve got a new job.
– That’s great.
– I’m very tired.
– Why is that?
THIS, THESE, THAT, THOSE with nouns
We also use this, these, that and those with nouns to show proximity
… we use this and these for people or things near us:
We have lived in this house for twenty years.
Have you read all of these books?
… and that and those for people or things that are not near us:
Who lives in that house?
Who are those people?